While there are several types of construction projects, most of them fall into one of two categories: Building Construction and Industrial Construction. They can overlap, however each type requires its own process- including planning, designing, and executing (not to mention the different necessary permits).
Building construction projects account for the vast majority of the construction industry. While most of these are smaller projects (additions and renovations), they also include larger ones such as the construction of a skyscraper. The first type of building construction is commercial construction. This includes retail contractors in the area, which construct skyscrapers, banks, gas stations, hotels, restaurants, supermarkets, and much more. Obviously, these are generally more expensive and time-consuming than residential construction. Retail construction is rarely done without hiring a construction company as it often requires not just working with, but simply having access to heavy, dangerous machinery.
Residential construction is the other type of building construction and includes apartments, condos, town-homes, dormitories, nursing homes, and any other establishment built for residents to live in. Residential units require many different regulations and codes than commercial construction, as they will be used in a much different manner. Because these are smaller projects and budgets, construction companies often don’t have the same type of resources for residential projects. These projects are often dictated by the types of building material available in the area, which is why wood is by far the most popular. Depending on the scope of the project, many residents choose to undertake the construction process on their own. This can save a ton of money, but can be quite time-consuming and even dangerous. A consultant for construction projects can help with any of these.
Industrial construction is much less frequent, yet still very important to the industry. These types of projects (which often include factories, power plants, mills, refineries, etc.), are usually undertaken by larger construction companies on behalf of larger corporations. The main reason that these types of projects are handled by large companies is that they often require a variety of construction knowledge. While safety is always a concern during any construction project, it is especially important during an industrial project as any flaw in the design can provide for a dangerous situation down the road. For this reason, industrial construction generally requires more planning as well as teamwork. There will often be dozens of laborers working on these projects, requiring effective communication and collaboration throughout.